The Road to Santiago - 1999, a Jacobean Year
Santiago (St. James), the patron saint of Spain and the first Christian martyr, is buried in Santiago de Compostella at the northwest tip of the Iberian peninsula. The Apostle James was beheaded in Jerusalem in 42 AD, and legend has it that the remains were transported by his disciples to be buried here. Stories of the discovery of the Apostle's tomb in the 9th Century brought pilgrims from around Europe, and the "Camino de Santiago" - Road/Path/Way to Santiago - soon became the most important Christian pilgrimage of the Middle Ages.
While there are many paths to Santiago, four major routes developed starting from Tours, Vèlezay, Le Puy, and Arles in France, to cross the Pyrenees at the Somport or Roncesvalles passes, joining together at Puente la Reina in Navarra (near Pamplona) to form a single path across northern Spain to the saint's shrine at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostella. [Due to space limitations the map starts just west of Logroño (La Rioja) - some 75 km from the crossroads at Puente la Reina.]
The Spanish part of El Camino de Santiago runs some 800 km (500 miles) from the Roncesvalles pass through Puente la Reina, La Rioja, Burgos, Leon and finally crossing Galicia to Santiago. While not everyone has the time and energy to repeat Andrea Kirby's feat, the Road to Santiago is a fantastic tourist venue for hikers and walkers. The Road crosses some of the country's most spectacular landscapes, and is dotted with beautiful Romanesque and Plateresque churches, chapels, and monasteries - the above photo shows the cloisters at the Silos monastery near Burgos where monks still sing Gregorian chants (they even made a record).
A proper pilgrimage must be made on foot, bicycle or horseback - the pilgrim has the use of free hostels along the route, and gets his pilgrim's passport stamped along the way and certified at the Cathedral in Santiago. Whether you plan to do a proper pilgrimage or not, the Road (or just about any a part of it) is a great way to see Spain, and enjoy the Camino's period architecture, shrines, villages, countryside, and hospitality.
Information Links: "El Camino de Santiago"
Andrea Kirkby's Walk on El Camino
Andrea Kirby's Diary - A walk from Lyon, France to Santiago in 48 days, well written - a very good read!
Walking Tours in Spain - Camino de Santiago
From ExperiencePlus!: Organized tours in Spain - Camino de Santiago
Camino de Santiago
The Telegraph Online offers a good article plus FAQ's, a distance chart, maps and an extensive bibliography on the "Camino".
El Camino de Santiago - UCLA
From the Spanish & Portugese Dept at UCLA: El Camino de Santiago. Lots of good information, about "The Pilgrim's Vows", clickable maps and graphics.
Friends of the Road to Santiago
From the "Friends of the Road to Santiago", a nonprofit group with info and assistance for would-be-pilgrims. Good stories, lots of useful data.
La Ruta de la Plata
A good Web site on one of the key "variants" of El Camino: La Ruta de la Plata from Seville to Santiago. Lots of good links, maps, and so on. Also available in Spanish and Portugese.
Pilgrim - Nana and Santiago
A personal diary covering the entire Spanish segment from Roncesvalles to Santiago. Good information, helpfuls hints, photos, with a personal touch.
The Route to Santiago
From the Cyberspain Guide - a good overview of the Road to Santiago and good information about the city of Santiago de Compostella.
Ultreia - Camino de Santiago by Bike
A good distance planning chart for cyclists (and walkers) on the Camino de Santiagoi, with information links to the main stops along the way.
Ultreya e suseya
Ultreya e suseya - Marco Lazzari's Web site with pointers and links to the Camino de Santiago.
Xacobeo 99 - the next Jacobean year is 1999. This "official" site offers general information, as well as data about routes and lodging in the Santiago area. In Spanish, English, French, German, etc.